Today, sportsmen and sportswomen are dressed in plastic almost from head to toe. This is because functional clothing made of plastic fulfils an elementary requirement: it is warming in the cold and cooling in the heat. In addition, the breathable, lightweight synthetic fibres ensure that perspiration is not absorbed but released to the outside. Friction is also reduced thanks to functional clothing. They fit the body like a second skin and provide optimal freedom of movement.
For winter sportsmen and women, the head is also made of plastic: professional helmets are usually made of the very light material carbon on the outside. On the inside, expanded polystyrene (EPS), for example Styrofoam, is used. This can deform in the event of a fall and compensate for the impact forces.
Today, sports shoes hardly contain any natural fibres or leather. Upper materials, soles, insoles – all components of a sports shoe must be light, durable and efficient. Plastics meet all these requirements. Silica technology, which also helps car tyres to grip better, provides a firm hold. And thanks to the cushioning properties of certain rubbers, joints are relieved and protected.